Life at Conception Act [ HR 374 at the House (of Representatives) and S. 91 at the Senate ] is very important to those who want to end abortion-on-demand and dismantle Roe v. Wade. This act, when passed by both houses, will legally establish protection guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution to each baby boy and baby girl from the moment of conception, that is, recognizing the personhood of unborn children.

The Supreme Court who decided the Roe v. Wade, left the decision open to challenge and collapse if the definition of ‘personhood’ is later resolved to include an unborn child.

This is the very essence why this Act has to pass because personhood or human being is defined in these bills to include ‘each and every member of the species homo sapiens at all stages of life, including the moment of fertilization, cloning, or other moment at which an individual member of the human species comes into being.

Here is a brief summary of where these bills are in the process of passage. This bill was introduced in the House on January 20, 2011 by Representative Duncan Hunter from California’s 52nd District. It is currently referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary which is the second step in the resolution of a bill. In the House of Representatives, the chair of the committee determines whether the bill will move past the committee stage. It goes into voting by all representatives once the committee votes favorably on the bill. The listed cosponsors of this bill (119) are so far all Republicans. Lifeline, the newsletter of the National Pro-life Alliance states that the cosponsors now exceed 150. I have no data to determine whether there are Democrats who eventually
cosponsored the bill. On the Senate, this Act has not ev en past the first step. It has not been referred to a committee. This bill was introduced in the Senate on January 25, 2011 by Senator Roger Wicker, a Republican from Mississippi. All the cosponsors of this bill at the Senate are all Republicans. A bill only becomes a law when the majority of legislators in both chambers, House and Senate, approve the passage of the bill. Even after passage, the President can sign the bill into law, conforming with the two chamber or exercise his veto power.

What is asked of us? To participate into the making of a law, we should call or write our representatives and senators and state our opinion on whether they should support or oppose this bill. Catholics who belong to the Democratic Party should put more effort in reaching out to their Representatives and Senators to convince them to cosponsor this bill. A legislator, regardless of Party affiliation, can not ignore what his/her constituencies are saying. Search engines like Google will provide you with the address and phone number of the legislator in your district and likewise track on these bills.


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